javax.microedition.lcdui
Interface Choice

All Known Implementing Classes:
ChoiceGroup, List

public interface Choice

Choice defines an API for a user interface components implementing selection from predefined number of choices. Such UI components are List and ChoiceGroup. The contents of the Choice are represented with strings and optional images.

Each element of a Choice is composed of a text string part, an Image part, and a font attribute that are all treated as a unit. The font attribute applies to the text part and can be controlled by the application. The application may provide null for the image if the element is not to have an image part. The implementation must display the image at the beginning of the text string. If the Choice also has a selection indicator (such as a radio button or a checkbox) placed at the beginning of the text string, the element's image should be placed between the selection indicator and the beginning of the text string.

When a new element is inserted or appended, the implementation provides a default font for the font attribute. This default font is the same font that is used if the application calls setFont(i, null). All ChoiceGroup instances must have the same default font, and all List instances must have the same default font. However, the default font used for Choice objects may differ from the font returned by Font.getDefaultFont().

The Image part of a Choice element may be mutable or immutable. If the Image is mutable, the effect is as if snapshot of its contents is taken at the time the Choice is constructed with this Image or when the Choice element is created or modified with the append, insert, or set methods. The snapshot is used whenever the contents of the Choice element are to be displayed. Even if the application subsequently draws into the Image, the snapshot is not modified until the next call to one of the above methods. The snapshot is not updated when the Choice becomes visible on the display. (This is because the application does not have control over exactly when Displayables and Items appear and disappear from the display.)

The following code illustrates a technique to refresh the image part of element k of a Choice ch:
ch.set(k, ch.getString(k), ch.getImage(k));

If the application provides an image, the implementation may choose to truncate it if it exceeds the capacity of the device to display it. Images within any particular Choice object should all be of the same size, because the implementation is allowed to allocate the same amount of space for every element. The application can query the implementation's image size recommendation by calling Display.getBestImageWidth(int) and Display.getBestImageHeight(int).

If an element is very long or contains a line break, the implementation may display only a portion of it. If this occurs, the implementation should provide the user with a means to see as much as possible of the element. If this is done by wrapping an element to multiple lines, the second and subsequent lines should show a clear indication to the user that they are part of the same element and are not a new element.

The application can express a preference for the policy used by the implementation for display of long elements including those that contain line break characters. The characters after the first line break may only be visible if the policy permits it. The setFitPolicy(int) and getFitPolicy() methods control this preference. The valid settings are TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT, TEXT_WRAP_ON, and TEXT_WRAP_OFF. Unless specified otherwise by Choice implementation classes, the initial value of the element fit policy is TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT.

After a Choice object has been created, elements may be inserted, appended, and deleted, and each element's string part and image part may be get and set. Elements within a Choice object are referred to by their indexes, which are consecutive integers in the range from zero to size()- 1, with zero referring to the first element and size()-1 to the last element.

There are four types of Choices: implicit-choice (valid only for List), exclusive-choice, multiple-choice, and pop-up (valid only for ChoiceGroup).

The exclusive-choice presents a series of elements and interacts with the user. That is, when the user selects an element, that element is shown to be selected using a distinct visual representation. If there are elements present in the Choice, one element must be selected at any given time. If at any time a situation would result where there are elements in the exclusive-choice but none is selected, the implementation will choose an element and select it. This situation can arise when an element is added to an empty Choice, when the selected element is deleted from the Choice, or when a Choice is created and populated with elements by a constructor. In these cases, the choice of which element is selected is left to the implementation. Applications for which the selected element is significant should set the selection explicitly. There is no way for the user to unselect an element within an exclusive Choice.

The popup choice is similar to the exclusive choice. The selection behavior of a popup choice is identical to that of an exclusive choice. However, a popup choice differs from an exclusive choice in presentation and interaction. In an exclusive choice, all elements should be displayed in-line. In a popup choice, the selected element should always be displayed, and the other elements should remain hidden until the user performs a specific action to show them. For example, an exclusive choice could be implemented as a series of radio buttons with one always selected. A popup choice could be implemented as a popup menu, with the selected element being displayed in the menu button.

The implicit choice is an exclusive choice where the focused or highlighted element is implicitly selected when a command is initiated. As with the exclusive choice, if there are elements present in the Choice, one element is always selected.

A multiple-choice presents a series of elements and allows the user to select any number of elements in any combination. As with exclusive- choice, the multiple-choice interacts with the user in object-operation mode. The visual appearance of a multiple-choice will likely have a visual representation distinct from the exclusive-choice that shows the selected state of each element as well as indicating to the user that multiple elements may be selected.

The selected state of an element is a property of the element. This state stays with that element if other elements are inserted or deleted, causing elements to be shifted around. For example, suppose element n is selected, and a new element is inserted at index zero. The selected element would now have index n+1. A similar rule applies to deletion. Assuming n is greater than zero, deleting element zero would leave element n-1 selected. Setting the contents of an element leaves its selected state unchanged. When a new element is inserted or appended, it is always unselected (except in the special case of adding an element to an empty Exclusive, Popup, or Implicit Choice as mentioned above).

The selected state of a Choice object can be controlled by the application with the setSelectedFlags and setSelectedIndex methods. This state is available to the application through the getSelectedFlags and getSelectedIndex methods. The selected state reported by these methods is generally identical to what has been set by the application, with the following exceptions. Adding or removing elements may change the selection. When the Choice is present on the display, the implementation's user interface policy and direct user interaction with the object may also affect the selection. For example, the implementation might update the selection to the current highlight location as the user is moving the highlight, or it might set the selection from the highlight only when the user is about to invoke a command. As another example, the implementation might move the highlight (and thus the selection) of an implicit List to the first element each time the List becomes current. When a Choice object is present on the display, applications should query its selected state only within a CommandListener or a ItemStateListener callback. Querying the state at other times might result in a value different from what has been set by the application (because the user or the implementation's UI policy might have changed it) and it might not reflect the user's intent (because the user might still in the process of making a selection).

Note: Methods have been added to the Choice interface in version 2.0. Adding methods to interfaces is normally an incompatible change. However, Choice does not appear as a type in any field, method parameter, or method return value, and so it is not useful for an application to create a class that implements the Choice interface. Future versions of this specification may make additional changes to the Choice interface. In order to remain compatible with future versions of this specification, applications should avoid creating classes that implement the Choice interface.

Since:
MIDP 1.0

Field Summary
static int EXCLUSIVE
          EXCLUSIVE is a choice having exactly one element selected at time.
static int IMPLICIT
          IMPLICIT is a choice in which the currently focused item is selected when a Command is initiated.
static int MULTIPLE
          MULTIPLE is a choice that can have arbitrary number of elements selected at a time.
static int POPUP
          POPUP is a choice having exactly one element selected at a time.
static int TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT
          Constant for indicating that the application has no preference as to wrapping or truncation of text element contents and that the implementation should use its default behavior.
static int TEXT_WRAP_OFF
          Constant for hinting that text element contents should be limited to a single line.
static int TEXT_WRAP_ON
          Constant for hinting that text element contents should be wrapped to to multiple lines if necessary to fit available content space.
 
Method Summary
 int append(String stringPart, Image imagePart)
          Appends an element to the Choice.
 void delete(int elementNum)
          Deletes the element referenced by elementNum.
 void deleteAll()
          Deletes all elements from this Choice, leaving it with zero elements.
 int getFitPolicy()
          Gets the application's preferred policy for fitting Choice element contents to the available screen space.
 Font getFont(int elementNum)
          Gets the application's preferred font for rendering the specified element of this Choice.
 Image getImage(int elementNum)
          Gets the Image part of the element referenced by elementNum.
 int getSelectedFlags(boolean[] selectedArray_return)
          Queries the state of a Choice and returns the state of all elements in the boolean array selectedArray_return.
 int getSelectedIndex()
          Returns the index number of an element in the Choice that is selected.
 String getString(int elementNum)
          Gets the String part of the element referenced by elementNum.
 void insert(int elementNum, String stringPart, Image imagePart)
          Inserts an element into the Choice just prior to the element specified.
 boolean isSelected(int elementNum)
          Gets a boolean value indicating whether this element is selected.
 void set(int elementNum, String stringPart, Image imagePart)
          Sets the element referenced by elementNum to the specified element, replacing the previous contents of the element.
 void setFitPolicy(int fitPolicy)
          Sets the application's preferred policy for fitting Choice element contents to the available screen space.
 void setFont(int elementNum, Font font)
          Sets the application's preferred font for rendering the specified element of this Choice.
 void setSelectedFlags(boolean[] selectedArray)
          Attempts to set the selected state of every element in the Choice.
 void setSelectedIndex(int elementNum, boolean selected)
          For MULTIPLE, this simply sets an individual element's selected state.
 int size()
          Gets the number of elements present.
 

Field Detail

EXCLUSIVE

public static final int EXCLUSIVE
EXCLUSIVE is a choice having exactly one element selected at time.

Value 1 is assigned to EXCLUSIVE.


IMPLICIT

public static final int IMPLICIT
IMPLICIT is a choice in which the currently focused item is selected when a Command is initiated. (Note: IMPLICIT is not accepted by ChoiceGroup)

Value 3 is assigned to IMPLICIT.


MULTIPLE

public static final int MULTIPLE
MULTIPLE is a choice that can have arbitrary number of elements selected at a time.

Value 2 is assigned to MULTIPLE.


POPUP

public static final int POPUP
POPUP is a choice having exactly one element selected at a time. The selected element is always shown. The other elements should be hidden until the user performs a particular action to show them. When the user performs this action, all elements become accessible. For example, an implementation could use a popup menu to display the elements of a ChoiceGroup of type POPUP.

The POPUP type is not valid for List objects.

Value 4 is assigned to POPUP.

Since:
MIDP 2.0

TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT

public static final int TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT
Constant for indicating that the application has no preference as to wrapping or truncation of text element contents and that the implementation should use its default behavior.

Field has the value 0.

See Also:
getFitPolicy(), setFitPolicy(int)
Since:
MIDP 2.0

TEXT_WRAP_OFF

public static final int TEXT_WRAP_OFF
Constant for hinting that text element contents should be limited to a single line. Line ending is forced, for example by cropping, if there is too much text to fit to the line. The implementation should provide some means to present the full element contents. This may be done, for example, by using a special pop-up window or by scrolling the text of the focused element.

Implementations should indicate that cropping has occurred, for example, by placing an ellipsis at the point where the text contents have been cropped.

Field has the value 2.

See Also:
getFitPolicy(), setFitPolicy(int)
Since:
MIDP 2.0

TEXT_WRAP_ON

public static final int TEXT_WRAP_ON
Constant for hinting that text element contents should be wrapped to to multiple lines if necessary to fit available content space. The Implementation may limit the maximum number of lines that it will actually present.

Field has the value 1.

See Also:
getFitPolicy(), setFitPolicy(int)
Since:
MIDP 2.0
Method Detail

append

public int append(String stringPart,
                  Image imagePart)

Appends an element to the Choice. The added element will be the last element of the Choice. The size of the Choice grows by one.

Parameters:
stringPart - the string part of the element to be added
imagePart - the image part of the element to be added, or null if there is no image part
Returns:
the assigned index of the element
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the image is mutable
NullPointerException - if stringPart is null

delete

public void delete(int elementNum)

Deletes the element referenced by elementNum. The size of the Choice shrinks by one. It is legal to delete all elements from a Choice. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element to be deleted
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid

deleteAll

public void deleteAll()
Deletes all elements from this Choice, leaving it with zero elements. This method does nothing if the Choice is already empty.
Since:
MIDP 2.0

getFitPolicy

public int getFitPolicy()
Gets the application's preferred policy for fitting Choice element contents to the available screen space. The value returned is the policy that had been set by the application, even if that value had been disregarded by the implementation.
Returns:
one of TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT, TEXT_WRAP_ON, or TEXT_WRAP_OFF
Since:
MIDP 2.0
See Also:
setFitPolicy(int)

getFont

public Font getFont(int elementNum)
Gets the application's preferred font for rendering the specified element of this Choice. The value returned is the font that had been set by the application, even if that value had been disregarded by the implementation. If no font had been set by the application, or if the application explicitly set the font to null, the value is the default font chosen by the implementation.

The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element, starting from zero
Returns:
the preferred font to use to render the element
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
Since:
MIDP 2.0
See Also:
setFont(int, javax.microedition.lcdui.Font)

getImage

public Image getImage(int elementNum)

Gets the Image part of the element referenced by elementNum. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element to be queried
Returns:
the image part of the element, or null if there is no image
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
See Also:
getString(int)

getSelectedFlags

public int getSelectedFlags(boolean[] selectedArray_return)

Queries the state of a Choice and returns the state of all elements in the boolean array selectedArray_return. NOTE: this is a result parameter. It must be at least as long as the size of the Choice as returned by size(). If the array is longer, the extra elements are set to false.

This call is valid for all types of Choices. For MULTIPLE, any number of elements may be selected and set to true in the result array. For EXCLUSIVE and IMPLICIT exactly one element will be selected (unless there are zero elements in the Choice).

Parameters:
selectedArray_return - array to contain the results
Returns:
the number of selected elements in the Choice
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if selectedArray_return is shorter than the size of the Choice.
NullPointerException - if selectedArray_return is null

getSelectedIndex

public int getSelectedIndex()

Returns the index number of an element in the Choice that is selected. For Choice types EXCLUSIVE and IMPLICIT there is at most one element selected, so this method is useful for determining the user's choice. Returns -1 if the Choice has no elements (and therefore has no selected elements).

For MULTIPLE, this always returns -1 because no single value can in general represent the state of such a Choice. To get the complete state of a MULTIPLE Choice, see getSelectedFlags.

Returns:
index of selected element, or -1 if none

getString

public String getString(int elementNum)

Gets the String part of the element referenced by elementNum. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element to be queried
Returns:
the string part of the element
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
See Also:
getImage(int)

insert

public void insert(int elementNum,
                   String stringPart,
                   Image imagePart)

Inserts an element into the Choice just prior to the element specified. The size of the Choice grows by one. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()], inclusive. The index of the last element is size()-1, and so there is actually no element whose index is size(). If this value is used for elementNum, the new element is inserted immediately after the last element. In this case, the effect is identical to append().

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element where insertion is to occur
stringPart - the string part of the element to be inserted
imagePart - the image part of the element to be inserted, or null if there is no image part
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
IllegalArgumentException - if the image is mutable
NullPointerException - if stringPart is null

isSelected

public boolean isSelected(int elementNum)

Gets a boolean value indicating whether this element is selected. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element to be queried
Returns:
selection state of the element
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid

set

public void set(int elementNum,
                String stringPart,
                Image imagePart)

Sets the element referenced by elementNum to the specified element, replacing the previous contents of the element. The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element to be set
stringPart - the string part of the new element
imagePart - the image part of the element, or null if there is no image part
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
IllegalArgumentException - if the image is mutable
NullPointerException - if stringPart is null

setFitPolicy

public void setFitPolicy(int fitPolicy)
Sets the application's preferred policy for fitting Choice element contents to the available screen space. The set policy applies for all elements of the Choice object. Valid values are TEXT_WRAP_DEFAULT, TEXT_WRAP_ON, and TEXT_WRAP_OFF. Fit policy is a hint, and the implementation may disregard the application's preferred policy.
Parameters:
fitPolicy - preferred content fit policy for choice elements
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if fitPolicy is invalid
Since:
MIDP 2.0
See Also:
getFitPolicy()

setFont

public void setFont(int elementNum,
                    Font font)
Sets the application's preferred font for rendering the specified element of this Choice. An element's font is a hint, and the implementation may disregard the application's preferred font.

The elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

The font parameter must be a valid Font object or null. If the font parameter is null, the implementation must use its default font to render the element.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element, starting from zero
font - the preferred font to use to render the element
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid
Since:
MIDP 2.0
See Also:
getFont(int)

setSelectedFlags

public void setSelectedFlags(boolean[] selectedArray)

Attempts to set the selected state of every element in the Choice. The array must be at least as long as the size of the Choice. If the array is longer, the additional values are ignored.

For Choice objects of type MULTIPLE, this sets the selected state of every element in the Choice. An arbitrary number of elements may be selected.

For Choice objects of type EXCLUSIVE and IMPLICIT, exactly one array element must have the value true. If no element is true, the first element in the Choice will be selected. If two or more elements are true, the implementation will choose the first true element and select it.

Parameters:
selectedArray - an array in which the method collect the selection status
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if selectedArray is shorter than the size of the Choice
NullPointerException - if selectedArray is null

setSelectedIndex

public void setSelectedIndex(int elementNum,
                             boolean selected)

For MULTIPLE, this simply sets an individual element's selected state.

For EXCLUSIVE, this can be used only to select any element, that is, the selected parameter must be true . When an element is selected, the previously selected element is deselected. If selected is false , this call is ignored. If element was already selected, the call has no effect.

For IMPLICIT, this can be used only to select any element, that is, the selected parameter must be true . When an element is selected, the previously selected element is deselected. If selected is false , this call is ignored. If element was already selected, the call has no effect.

The call to setSelectedIndex does not cause implicit activation of any Command.

For all list types, the elementNum parameter must be within the range [0..size()-1], inclusive.

Parameters:
elementNum - the index of the element, starting from zero
selected - the state of the element, where true means selected and false means not selected
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if elementNum is invalid

size

public int size()

Gets the number of elements present.

Returns:
the number of elements in the Choice



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