java.lang
Class Double

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.lang.Double

public final class Double
extends Object

The Double class wraps a value of the primitive type double in an object. An object of type Double contains a single field whose type is double.

In addition, this class provides several methods for converting a double to a String and a String to a double, as well as other constants and methods useful when dealing with a double.

Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0, JDK1.0, CLDC 1.1

Field Summary
static double MAX_VALUE
          The largest positive finite value of type double.
static double MIN_VALUE
          The smallest positive value of type double.
static double NEGATIVE_INFINITY
          The negative infinity of type double.
static double NaN
          A Not-a-Number (NaN) value of type double.
static double POSITIVE_INFINITY
          The positive infinity of type double.
 
Constructor Summary
Double(double value)
          Constructs a newly allocated Double object that represents the primitive double argument.
 
Method Summary
 byte byteValue()
          Returns the value of this Double as a byte (by casting to a byte).
static long doubleToLongBits(double value)
          Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "double format" bit layout.
 double doubleValue()
          Returns the double value of this Double.
 boolean equals(Object obj)
          Compares this object against the specified object.
 float floatValue()
          Returns the float value of this Double.
 int hashCode()
          Returns a hashcode for this Double object.
 int intValue()
          Returns the integer value of this Double (by casting to an int).
 boolean isInfinite()
          Returns true if this Double value is infinitely large in magnitude.
static boolean isInfinite(double v)
          Returns true if the specified number is infinitely large in magnitude.
 boolean isNaN()
          Returns true if this Double value is the special Not-a-Number (NaN) value.
static boolean isNaN(double v)
          Returns true if the specified number is the special Not-a-Number (NaN) value.
static double longBitsToDouble(long bits)
          Returns the double-float corresponding to a given bit representation.
 long longValue()
          Returns the long value of this Double (by casting to a long).
static double parseDouble(String s)
          Returns a new double initialized to the value represented by the specified String, as performed by the valueOf method of class Double.
 short shortValue()
          Returns the value of this Double as a short (by casting to a short).
 String toString()
          Returns a String representation of this Double object.
static String toString(double d)
          Creates a string representation of the double argument.
static Double valueOf(String s)
          Returns a new Double object initialized to the value represented by the specified string.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 



Field Detail

POSITIVE_INFINITY

public static final double POSITIVE_INFINITY
The positive infinity of type double. It is equal to the value returned by Double.longBitsToDouble(0x7ff0000000000000L).

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

NEGATIVE_INFINITY

public static final double NEGATIVE_INFINITY
The negative infinity of type double. It is equal to the value returned by Double.longBitsToDouble(0xfff0000000000000L).

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

NaN

public static final double NaN
A Not-a-Number (NaN) value of type double. It is equal to the value returned by Double.longBitsToDouble(0x7ff8000000000000L).

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

MAX_VALUE

public static final double MAX_VALUE
The largest positive finite value of type double. It is equal to the value returned by
 Double.longBitsToDouble(0x7fefffffffffffffL)
 

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

MIN_VALUE

public static final double MIN_VALUE
The smallest positive value of type double. It is equal to the value returned by Double.longBitsToDouble(0x1L).

Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0


Constructor Detail

Double

public Double(double value)
Constructs a newly allocated Double object that represents the primitive double argument.

Parameters:
value - the value to be represented by the Double.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0


Method Detail

toString

public static String toString(double d)
Creates a string representation of the double argument. All characters mentioned below are ASCII characters.

How many digits must be printed for the fractional part of m or a? There must be at least one digit to represent the fractional part, and beyond that as many, but only as many, more digits as are needed to uniquely distinguish the argument value from adjacent values of type double. That is, suppose that x is the exact mathematical value represented by the decimal representation produced by this method for a finite nonzero argument d. Then d must be the double value nearest to x; or if two double values are equally close to x, then d must be one of them and the least significant bit of the significand of d must be 0.

Parameters:
d - the double to be converted.
Returns:
a string representation of the argument.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

valueOf

public static Double valueOf(String s)
                      throws NumberFormatException
Returns a new Double object initialized to the value represented by the specified string. The string s is interpreted as the representation of a floating-point value and a Double object representing that value is created and returned.

If s is null, then a NullPointerException is thrown.

Leading and trailing whitespace characters in s are ignored. The rest of s should constitute a FloatValue as described by the lexical rule:


 FloatValue:

        Signopt FloatingPointLiteral
 
where Sign and FloatingPointLiteral are as defined in Section 3.10.2 of the Java Language Specification. If it does not have the form of a FloatValue, then a NumberFormatException is thrown. Otherwise, it is regarded as representing an exact decimal value in the usual "computerized scientific notation"; this exact decimal value is then conceptually converted to an "infinitely precise" binary value that is then rounded to type double by the usual round-to-nearest rule of IEEE 754 floating-point arithmetic. Finally, a new object of class Double is created to represent the double value.

Parameters:
s - the string to be parsed.
Returns:
a newly constructed Double initialized to the value represented by the string argument.
Throws:
NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable number.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

parseDouble

public static double parseDouble(String s)
                          throws NumberFormatException
Returns a new double initialized to the value represented by the specified String, as performed by the valueOf method of class Double.

Parameters:
s - the string to be parsed.
Returns:
the double value represented by the string argument.
Throws:
NumberFormatException - if the string does not contain a parsable double.
See Also:
Double.valueOf(String)
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0, JDK1.2

isNaN

public static boolean isNaN(double v)
Returns true if the specified number is the special Not-a-Number (NaN) value.

Parameters:
v - the value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the value of the argument is NaN; false otherwise.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

isInfinite

public static boolean isInfinite(double v)
Returns true if the specified number is infinitely large in magnitude.

Parameters:
v - the value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the value of the argument is positive infinity or negative infinity; false otherwise.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

isNaN

public boolean isNaN()
Returns true if this Double value is the special Not-a-Number (NaN) value.

Returns:
true if the value represented by this object is NaN; false otherwise.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

isInfinite

public boolean isInfinite()
Returns true if this Double value is infinitely large in magnitude.

Returns:
true if the value represented by this object is positive infinity or negative infinity; false otherwise.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

toString

public String toString()
Returns a String representation of this Double object. The primitive double value represented by this object is converted to a string exactly as if by the method toString of one argument.

Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a String representation of this object.
See Also:
Double.toString(double)
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

byteValue

public byte byteValue()
Returns the value of this Double as a byte (by casting to a byte).

Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0, JDK1.1

shortValue

public short shortValue()
Returns the value of this Double as a short (by casting to a short).

Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0, JDK1.1

intValue

public int intValue()
Returns the integer value of this Double (by casting to an int).

Returns:
the double value represented by this object is converted to type int and the result of the conversion is returned.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

longValue

public long longValue()
Returns the long value of this Double (by casting to a long).

Returns:
the double value represented by this object is converted to type long and the result of the conversion is returned.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

floatValue

public float floatValue()
Returns the float value of this Double.

Returns:
the double value represented by this object is converted to type float and the result of the conversion is returned.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0, JDK1.0

doubleValue

public double doubleValue()
Returns the double value of this Double.

Returns:
the double value represented by this object.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

hashCode

public int hashCode()
Returns a hashcode for this Double object. The result is the exclusive OR of the two halves of the long integer bit representation, exactly as produced by the method Double.doubleToLongBits(double), of the primitive double value represented by this Double object. That is, the hashcode is the value of the expression:
 (int)(v^(v>>>32))
 
where v is defined by:
 long v = Double.doubleToLongBits(this.doubleValue());
 

Overrides:
hashCode in class Object
Returns:
a hash code value for this object.
See Also:
Object.equals(java.lang.Object), Hashtable
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
Compares this object against the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Double object that represents a double that has the identical bit pattern to the bit pattern of the double represented by this object. For this purpose, two double values are considered to be the same if and only if the method Double.doubleToLongBits(double) returns the same long value when applied to each.

Note that in most cases, for two instances of class Double, d1 and d2, the value of d1.equals(d2) is true if and only if

   d1.doubleValue() == d2.doubleValue()
 

also has the value true. However, there are two exceptions:

Overrides:
equals in class Object
Parameters:
obj - the object to compare with.
Returns:
true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.
See Also:
Boolean.hashCode(), Hashtable
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

doubleToLongBits

public static long doubleToLongBits(double value)
Returns a representation of the specified floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "double format" bit layout.

Bit 63 (the bit that is selected by the mask 0x8000000000000000L) represents the sign of the floating-point number. Bits 62-52 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x7ff0000000000000L) represent the exponent. Bits 51-0 (the bits that are selected by the mask 0x000fffffffffffffL) represent the significand (sometimes called the mantissa) of the floating-point number.

If the argument is positive infinity, the result is 0x7ff0000000000000L.

If the argument is negative infinity, the result is 0xfff0000000000000L.

If the argument is NaN, the result is 0x7ff8000000000000L.

In all cases, the result is a long integer that, when given to the Double.longBitsToDouble(long) method, will produce a floating-point value equal to the argument to doubleToLongBits.

Parameters:
value - a double precision floating-point number.
Returns:
the bits that represent the floating-point number.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0

longBitsToDouble

public static double longBitsToDouble(long bits)
Returns the double-float corresponding to a given bit representation. The argument is considered to be a representation of a floating-point value according to the IEEE 754 floating-point "double precision" bit layout. That floating-point value is returned as the result.

If the argument is 0x7ff0000000000000L, the result is positive infinity.

If the argument is 0xfff0000000000000L, the result is negative infinity.

If the argument is any value in the range 0x7ff0000000000001L through 0x7fffffffffffffffL or in the range 0xfff0000000000001L through 0xffffffffffffffffL, the result is NaN. All IEEE 754 NaN values of type double are, in effect, lumped together by the Java programming language into a single value called NaN.

In all other cases, let s, e, and m be three values that can be computed from the argument:

 int s = ((bits >> 63) == 0) ? 1 : -1;
 int e = (int)((bits >> 52) & 0x7ffL);
 long m = (e == 0) ?
                 (bits & 0xfffffffffffffL) << 1 :
                 (bits & 0xfffffffffffffL) | 0x10000000000000L;
 
Then the floating-point result equals the value of the mathematical expression s·m·2e-1075.

Parameters:
bits - any long integer.
Returns:
the double floating-point value with the same bit pattern.
Since:
BlackBerry API 4.0.0





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