What Is Secure Access Service Edge?
Access control in cybersecurity is a set of processes and procedures that enables organizations to manage authorized access across corporate data and resources. Access control policies verify that users are who they say they are and assign an appropriate level of access depending on built-in controls.
Cybersecurity teams use access control frameworks to manage which users have access to certain information and locations that are crucial for business operations and customer privacy. It’s important to limit access so that users, employees, and vendors only have the access they need to perform their duties—and nothing more.
Implementing access control is an essential component of cybersecurity. Ensuring that only authorized users have appropriate access to the resources they need helps organizations avoid data breaches from numerous attack vectors.
Benefits of Secure Access
Continuous Activity Tracking
Easy Adjustments of Access Levels
Centralized Management of Credential Requirements
Minimized Risks, Improved Security
Types of Secure Access
There are several different types of access controls that cybersecurity teams can implement to protect their users and business data.
Attribute-based access control: a context-based policy that defines access based on IAM policies.
Discretionary access control: a model that allows the data owner to decide access control via access rights and rules.
Mandatory access control: a strict policy based on individuals and the resources, systems, and data that they are allowed to access.
Role-based access control: an access control policy where users are assigned access based on their organizational roles
Break-glass access control: a policy incorporating an emergency account that can bypass regular permissions in a critical event.
Rule-based access control: a framework where administrators define the rules governing access to data and resources built around various conditions.
Components of Secure Access
Access control is not just one tool or policy. Instead, it is a framework for cybersecurity that is managed through many components working together to secure network access. These components include:
- Authentication: establishing the identity of a user.
- Authorization: specifies access rights and privileges of each user.
- Access: grants access to the data, resources, and systems that a user has privileges to.
- Management: adding, removing, and adjusting access where appropriate.
- Auditing: enables cybersecurity teams to analyze user activity data, discover potential violations, and mitigate authorization procedures.
There are several data compliance policies and regulations in place that are meant to help organizations provide secure services for customers and keep their data safe from fraudulent activity.
PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard) for payment card systems
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) for patient health data
SOC 2 (Service Organization Control 2) for service providers with customer data in the cloud
ISO 2700 (International Organization for Standardization) for cybersecurity standards demonstrating an organization’s ability to protect consumer data
Access Control Policy Best Practices
Use Cases First, Compliance Second
Access and Roles Go Hand-in-Hand
Follow the Principle of Least Privilege
Review Access Policies Frequently
Train Employees Regularly
Access Control vs. Identity and Access Management
Access control and Identity and Access Management (IAM) often need clarification. But there are a few key differences that set the two apart.
Access determines whether or not a user can or cannot use a particular resource, website, or database. Authenticating a user’s identity is part of determining access. Still, it is a separate procedure meant for users to prove that they are who they claim to be granted access to certain systems. Access management is how access controls determine whether or not an authenticated user has privileged access to data and company resources.
The difference between managing identities and managing access is how attributes are analyzed. Identity management manages attributes related to users, while access management evaluates those attributes based on specific security policies to make a yes/no access decision.
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The multi-tenant architecture of CylanceGATEWAY is designed for digital transformation and distributed work. Its powerful AI and machine learning improve your security posture and simplify the configuration and management of granular, dynamic security policies and access controls.