Cloud Security

What Is Cloud Security?

Cloud security refers to the set of technologies, protocols, and best practices that safeguard data and applications stored in the cloud. Due to the volatility and highly regulatory nature of cloud-hosted data, organizations employ cloud security to protect data from unauthorized access, data breaches, and scalable cyber threats. As cloud-based infrastructure is increasingly relied upon for remote storage and system access, ensuring the security of cloud-hosted data is vital. 

How Cloud Security Works

The cloud—a network of interconnected servers accessible via the internet—requires robust operational processes to protect its data and mitigate cyber threats. Cloud security protects cloud-based assets by incorporating user authentication, encryption, firewalls, access control, data leak prevention, and backups. Critical mechanisms for cloud security include:

1. Server Protection

To protect servers from potential threats, traffic is encrypted and sent to the cloud rather than directly to physical servers. The traffic is then analyzed, and only authorized users are granted access.

2. Data Examination and Filtration

Cloud web security servers screen and filter traffic during transit. This ensures that malicious traffic behaviors or patterns are segmented before reaching any requested resources.

3. Data Flow Encryption and Management

Encryption methods employ sophisticated algorithms to conceal and safeguard data in the cloud. Cloud-based security solutions also ensure the proper management of data identification and prevent unidentified programs from decrypting protected data.

4. Policy and Compliance Enforcement

Cloud-based security establishes policy and compliance criteria to maintain high privacy and data protection levels. By adhering to these policies, organizations can ensure compliance with security regulations and maintain a protected cloud environment.

Importance of Cloud Security 

The cloud is often used to store various kinds of sensitive data, thus requiring robust security measures to defend against unauthorized users and cyberattacks. Cloud security is essential for several reasons: 

Centralized Protection

 Cloud security enables organizations to simultaneously implement comprehensive data security and privacy policies, ensuring consistent protection across all data. By centralizing security measures, organizations enhance visibility, reduce recovery time, and maintain business continuity. 

Controlled Costs and Fines

 Implementing security measures within cloud-based assets helps organizations avoid additional costs associated with data protection measures that might evolve as businesses grow. 

Incident Response

Data breaches in cloud environments can spread more quickly, requiring swift and precise incident response operations. Cloud security ensures that incident response plans are effective, measurable, and scalable, allowing organizations to mitigate and recover from security incidents.

Enhanced Cyber Resilience

Cloud security services automate manual security operations, allowing IT teams to focus on critical business and technical processes. By leveraging cloud security solutions, organizations can scale their security operations and optimize resources to improve overall cyber resilience.

Traditional IT Security vs. Cloud Security

The transition to cloud-based computing has significantly transformed traditional IT security. While cloud models provide more convenience, they also introduce new security challenges due to their distinct characteristics, and they differ from traditional IT systems in several ways.

To prevent unwanted access, cloud security employs data-centric approaches, such as data encryption, authorization processes, and multi-factor authentication. In contrast, traditional security relies on a host-based architecture to manage access. 

Cloud data storage allows organizations to automate backups on geographically dispersed servers, providing additional security against data compromise. Automated approaches are more efficient and cost-effective than traditional IT solutions, often requiring redundant backups in multiple locations.

Traditional IT security operations are prone to human errors that threat actors can easily exploit. On the other hand, cloud security leverages advanced machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) computing practices to streamline the detection, diagnosis, prioritization, and deployment of security controls. By minimizing the frequency of human-centric security incidents, cloud security mitigates real-time cyber risks while significantly reducing the time and cost of remediation. 

Cloud Security Risks and Challenges

Poor Visibility: Losing track of which users access company data can be a common challenge, as many cloud services are available outside corporate networks and through third parties. When using cloud services, data loss is often the result of poor visibility and can happen if data is accidentally deleted, overwritten or if a cloud system is corrupted. 

Multitenancy: Public cloud environments house several client infrastructures under the same roof. Thus, hostile attackers may utilize those hosted services as collateral damage when attacking other businesses.

Evolving Compliance Landscape: As business needs expand, so do compliance requirements. Managing evolving and emerging compliance requirements for cloud-based assets often becomes challenging for organizations, especially for assets without a robust cloud security strategy. 

Types of Cloud Security Solutions

Understanding the risks and challenges associated with cloud security is vital in selecting the appropriate cybersecurity solution for an organization. Depending on the needs of an organization, various types of cloud security solutions are available.
Zero Trust Security is a security approach that assumes no user can be trusted, requiring users to authenticate themselves before accessing any resources. Zero Trust Security mitigates the risk of data breaches within cloud infrastructures by continuously verifying user identity and enforcing strict access.
DLP solutions safeguard sensitive data from unauthorized access or loss. They help organizations scan, analyze, control, and secure data across cloud environments, reducing the risk of data exposure. 
IAM solutions enable organizations to manage user identities and control access privileges in cloud environments. They ensure that only authorized users have appropriate access to cloud resources, minimizing the risk of data breaches.
SIEM solutions collect and analyze security events and log data across multiple platforms. They provide organizations comprehensive visibility into cloud security events, employing threat detection and incident response techniques to prevent cyberattacks.

Businesses large and small contend with a growing number of devices, each adding to attack surfaces. At the same time, most enterprises face a cybersecurity skill gap and resources shortages. Cybersecurity staffing is particularly troublesome for small and mid-sized businesses.

As a human-centric subscription-based 24x7x365 Managed XDR service, CylanceGUARD® provides the expertise and support businesses need. CylanceGUARD combines the comprehensive expertise embodied by BlackBerry Cybersecurity Services with AI-based Endpoint Protection (EPP) through CylanceENDPOINT. In short, CylanceGUARD provides business with the people and technology needed to protect the enterprise from the modern threat landscape.